There are certain consequences for a parent who refuses or is not able to pay court-ordered child support, such as the revocation of a driver's license, additional awards or court fees, or even criminal charges for contempt of court or a similar charge. However, one California law regarding nonpayment of child support is proving to be the most extreme. Jermaine Jackson, former member of the Jackson Five and second-oldest Jackson sibling, is currently trapped in Africa based on his nonpayment of over $90,000 in child support to the mother of two of his children.

After traveling to Ouagadougou, Burkina Faso, Africa, Jackson allowed his passport to expire before returning to the United States, and now finds himself unable to renew his passport and stuck in Africa. This is because of a California law which dictates that the state must notify the federal government when a person is behind on child support payments by a substantial amount. The federal government, in turn, does not allow that person to renew their passport until they become current on child support payments.

Alejandra Genevieve Oaziaza, Jackson's ex-wife and the mother of two of his children, sons Jaafar and Jermajesty, filed for a child support order in May 2008 in California, under which Jackson is required to pay $3,000 per month for the support of the two boys. According to court papers, Jackson currently owes approximately $91,000 in back support, which has led to his passport troubles.

It is unknown whether Jackson has attempted to contact the American Embassy in Burkina Faso, which has the ability issue temporary papers in order for an American to return to the United States without a passport.

Source: Gant Daily, "Jermaine Jackson stuck in Africa; owes thousands in child support", Damian Grass, 10 January 2011